banner-pcinside-v6

Benchmarking the Seagate Archive HDD 8 TB

We now it is big, affordable and power efficiency. Now it is time to determine if it is fast enough and put the Seagate Archive HDD to the test.

Fily copy test

For this test we are copying a large file of 32 GB from an SSD to a 50% filled Archive HDD 8 TB:

seagate-archive-hdd-8tb-pcmark-filecopy

According to the official specs the drive does 150 MB/s sustained. It even performed a little bit better. A desktop HDD and SSHD will be faster (about 200 MB/s). Still not troubling performance here. Slow spinning drives such as the WD Green series show similar performance levels.

Pcmark traces

To test “real world” performance we have to fall back to traces. Hard drive actions during real scenarios were recorded and are simulated on each drive. Because this is a real time trace, a doubling of a score means the product is actually two times faster.

Pcmark storage benchmark

The Seagate Archive HDD places itself firmly in front of its direct competitor: the Desktop HDD.

Pcmark storage subscores

For those interested I will quickly walk through all the subtests:

  • Starting applications: Copy and open a document, open Internet Explorer
  • adding music: import 68GB of music into the Windows Media Player library
  • Windows Media Center;  simultaneous playback and recording of movies
  • Video editing: Publishing a file with Windows Movie Maker
  • Importing pictures: Import 68 images (434mb) from an USB stick into the Windows Live Photo Gallery
  • Windows Defender:  A Windows Defender quick scan

The Archive HDD beats the Desktop HDD in all subtests, except for the video editing test. Clearly the great access times and large buffers are helping this drive because one would assume it would be slower, not faster.

Synthetic Read performance

Read Access times

Access times are the thing that make SSD’s fast and hard disks slow. When requesting a lot of files even a 10ms delay can create a huge pileup.

The Archive hdd has a much better access time than the desktop hdd. Differences are about 2ms across the board which roughly equals 15%. Very impressive!

Read IOPS

IOPS represent operations per second. Higher IOPS means more files can be handled at the same time.

Given the recommendations of Seagate one would expect that the Archive HDD only excels at large files. Surprisingly the Archive HDD beats the Desktop HDD on the smaller file sizes, it is about 18% quicker. Especially these small files are an area where SSD’s are vastly superior. This is the region where performance counts and it explains how the Archive HDD won the Pcmark test.

Synthetic Write performance

This is the part that the SMR based drive should be really bad at. However due to the implementation of caching mechanisms the drive actually seems to excel at this area.

Write response times

Unfortunately write access times can only be measured on empty drives and all my drives contain data. Instead I have tested the write response times. These include the time it takes to retrieve the file in addition to the access time. One might even argue this is a better test because it paints a more true picture. The test was conducted with Anvil’s Storage Utilities and a 1 GB test file and default settings.

benchmark-write-response-times

The Archive HDD is much faster at dealing with random write than the more traditional hard disk drive. On 4K a files it is 10 times faster. If we increase the que depth to 16 the differences become smaller but are still an amazing 6.34x!

Write IOPS

seagate-archive-hdd-8tb-benchmark-write-iops

The Archive HDD seems to peak at 3400 write IOPS, which is impressive. Obviously the caching mechanisms are a huge boon here.

If we summarize the performance measured we can conclude that Seagate has outdone itself in compensating the SMR’s weak points. In fact I wish similar caching mechanisms would be applied to traditional disks because the benefits in typical consumer usage could be very noticable. That said our previous page showed that these drives are not suitable for complex tasks such as raid rebuilding. However I see absolutely nothing that would cause an issue for stuff like copying video files, updating games, installing games, etc.

Comments:

  • John Fak

    “limited to 55 TB per year”

    Dont just throw random words for the sake of artistic flavor. What you said there is horrendously wrong. Nobody is limiting you to write more per year.

    • Sebastiaan de Kooter

      People aren’t limited, the drives are. They are mechanical devices that have wear and tear. Consumer grade drives are designed for 8 hours x 5 days usage whereas enterprise drives (and this Archive hdd) are designed for continuous operation of 24 hours x 7 days usage.

      You can find the 55 TB/year limit here; http://www.seagate.com/www-content/datasheets/pdfs/desktop-hdd-8tbDS1770-7-1511US-en_US.pdf

      For Seagate the current limits are:
      Desktop: 55 TB/year
      NAS: 180 TB/year
      Archive: 180 TB/year
      Enterprise NAS: 300 TB/year
      Enterprise Capacity: 550 TB/year

      You can find out what happens here:
      “You may use SeaTools for Windows to measure your drive’s Annualized Workload Rate by running the Drive Information test. In the table above, compare your Workload Rate to the corresponding Workload Rate Limit. If your value is below the WRL then the drive activity is supported by the design. If the value is above the WRL then the reliability of the drive will begin to decline. Warranty policy does not change. However, Seagate reserves the right to limit warranty claims when drive usage exceeds specifications, as defined in the product manual”
      http://knowledge.seagate.com/articles/en_US/FAQ/005902en?language=en_US

  • John Fak

    Fkin idiot comparing a 3 TB drive with a 8 TB and wonders how the 8 TB is faster. Doh!

  • Pingback: Magistar on "[Plugin: WP Product Review] Only displaying on first page?" * Best Wordpress Themes - Reviews()